Myths & Misconceptions about diabetes
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Myths and Misconceptions about Diabetes Mellitus

• [myth] If you are overweight or obese, you will certainly develop type 2 diabetes.

Being overweight is just one of the risk factors for developing this disease. Other risk factors such as family history, ethnicity and age also play a role. Indians have ethnically a very high risk of developing diabetes. Many people with type 2 diabetes are at a normal weight or only moderately overweight.

• [myth] Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

No, it does not. Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease; type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors. Sugar does not cause diabetes beyond it's contribution to weight gain.


• [myth] Only older people get type 2 diabetes

Now-a-days children as young as 8 years are diagnosed to have type 2 diabetes. To help prevent diabetes in children, parents should try to encourage good habits for the entire family. That means less video games and TV time, regular physical activity, less junk food.

• [myth] Diabetes is common but not serious disease.


Diabetes is not only common and serious; it is also a very costly disease. Much of the costs incurred long term due to complications can be avoided with proper diabetes prevention and management steps. Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.


• [myth] A diabetes diagnosis means you automatically need insulin



That's not the case with with type 2 diabetes. In most cases, proper diet, exercise, and oral medicines, if needed, can keep type 2 diabetes under control for some time before insulin becomes necessary. The key is to make a change in lifestyle.

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• [myth] Insulin causes complications of diabetes.

Insulin has got unjustified criticism over the years. Insulin is a natural hormone and is probably one of the safest medications around. Controlling the blood glucose, it slows down or prevents diabetes complications.

• [myth] I can stop taking my diabetes medicines/injections once my sugars are controlled.


Take-pills No! Even after your sugars are well controlled and you feel good, take your medicines for diabetes and other health problems regulary.


• [myth] Special diabetic foods can be freely eaten by patients with diabetes.

Diabetic and “dietetic” foods generally offer no special benefit. Most of them still raise blood glucose levels, are usually more expensive, and can also have a laxative effect if they contain sugar alcohols.

• [myth] If you have diabetes don't eat fruits.


Fruit is a healthy food. It contains fiber and lots of vitamins and minerals. However because fruits do contain carbohydrates, you need to include it in your meal plan. Certain fruits have high glycemic index.Talk to your doctor/dietitian about the amount, frequency and types of fruits you should eat.You can also check out our Diabetes and fruits section.


• [myth] Taking certain medicines cures diabetes

As of today there is no medicine or herbal remedy which can permanently cure diabetes. But we can certain keep diabetes under control with regular treatment by a qualified doctor.